Originally posted on The Horizons Tracker.
As INSEAD’s Nathan Furr argues in his recent book The Upside of Uncertainty1, one of the key differences between the startup ecosystems of Boston and Silicon Valley was the greater willingness for entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley to share knowledge and collaborate with one another.
“Machiavellianism in an alliance is a firm’s strategy of social conduct that involves manipulation of the partner for its own gain, often against its best interests. Our interviews with executives confirm that Machiavellianism resonates strongly in the marketing alliance context,” the researchers say.
Masters of manipulation
Indeed, one CEO remarked to the researchers that they very much see alliances as a way to gain from the partner and its skills. The researchers explain that at a firm level, Machiavellianism is not really a fixed disposition but tends to depend instead vary depending on the unique settings of each partnership.
The study found that Machiavellianism can harm the performance of a partnership in a number of ways, whether by weakening the desire to share knowledge with each other or via misuse of power to dominate the agenda of the partnership.
The key to whether Machiavellianism drives learning anxiety or collaboration is the collaborative history of the partnership. Given the right collaborative history, the researchers believe moderating conditions can be introduced to neutralize the negative effects of Machiavellianism.
“Performance outcomes of learning are contingent on the alliance development stage,” they explain. “We observe an inverted U-shaped moderation at the alliance development stage on the paths from collaborative learning and learning anxiety to performance. Once an alliance partnership is past its peak, opportunities fade for both learning-related mechanisms.”
Misuse of power
It’s important to note that abuses of power are particularly problematic in a partnership because it is capable of over-riding any neutralizing effect of the collaborative history, so should be a key concern for alliance managers.
“Machiavellian firms’ preoccupation with dark-side learning anxiety and use of power could preclude a focus on collaborative learning, to the detriment of performance. Still, it is important that managers factor into their planning the conditioning effects of alliance situational factors like collaborative history,” the authors continue.
It can be crucial to successfully spot a Machiavellian partner as early as possible, but this is not always easy as many such partners are extremely good at hiding behind an illusion of cooperation. Nonetheless, the researchers believe characteristics such as calculative adaptations, authoritative work patterns, and hyper-vigilance are often giveaways of a Machiavellian partner.
Article source: The Risks Of Collaborating With A Machiavellian Partner.
Header image source: Alex Yomare on Pixabay.