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Organization Management Rhythm (part 6.3): Tools – Information Flow Diagram (IFD)

This article is part 6.3 of a series of articles on Organization Management Rhythm.

The purpose of the Information Flow Diagram (IFD) is to visually depict how the cross-functional meetings executed by the staff support the organization’s decision cycle and their shared understanding. A clearly defined IFD illustrating the linkages among the staff’s meetings in support of the organization’s decision cycle is a valuable staff tool that serves not only to inform the proper sequencing of the Organization Management Rhythm, but also to enable shared understanding among the staff and codification of staff activities.

The IFD is laid out both horizontally and vertically. Horizontally, the IFD is divided into “swim lanes”. These lanes group the staff meetings by purpose. The bottom lane contains Organization Management Rhythm events where “Product Production” typically occurs. These products are then fed (denoted by solid lines connecting Organization Management Rhythm events) to the appropriate meetings in the “Act and Plan” swim lane where they are refined and coalesced. The outputs of the meetings in this lane feed the organization’s touch points in the “Decision and Guidance” swim lane. These touch points provide a forum for the senior staff to both receive relevant information necessary to make timely decisions as well as provide the staff with guidance in the execution of the mission and support their shared understanding of the current situation. Additional horizontal swim lanes are located above the Decision and Guidance lane to annotate parent organization’s touch points which either the senior staff or staff must support. In a related manner, a solid stripe at the bottom of a meeting box indicates that subordinate organization participation is required to support the required input or output of that event.

Vertically, the IFD is notionally divided into planning horizons (from right to left: Current Operations, Future Operations, and Future Plans). The arrangement of meetings within these planning horizons reinforces their purpose and helps illustrate the hand off of planning efforts from Future Plans to Future Operations. Additionally, the meetings are aligned vertically on the IFD based on which critical path they support. Typically, a staff section will have three critical paths: Plans, Operations, and Man-Train-Equip (MTE). To aid in recognizing these critical paths, the meeting events are color coded on the IFD according to which path they support (e.g., events in the Plans critical path are colored blue).

Information Flow Diagram (IFD)
Information Flow Diagram (IFD)1
The combination of the vertical and horizontal layout of the IFD illustrates the flow of information within the staff in support of both the senior staff’s decision cycle and the information exchange requirements of the staff. This cycle, often referred to in military doctrine as Monitor, Assess, Plan, and Direct (MAP-D) can be superimposed on the IFD. Events in the Current Operations horizon perform the monitor function, events in the product production, act and plan lanes, perform both assess and plan functions, and the senior staff’s touch points in the decision and guidance lane perform the direct function.

Next part (part 6.4): Tools – Staff-Utilization Matrix.

Acknowledgements: Thank you to Tomi Antill, Keith Davis, Elise Keith from Lucid Meetings, JFHQ-C Leadership, and Kendra Albright from Kent State University, without whose support this series would not have been possible.

Header image source: U.S. National Archives, Public Domain.


  1. Turner, J. A., & Williams, D. E. (2020, October 1). JECC KM Practitioners Training.
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John Antill

John Antill is currently a Knowledge Manager at US Army Expeditionary Workforce. With over 14 years of progressively responsible knowledge management experience in complex technical roles – both military and civilian – requiring exceptional project coordination, problem solving, and management skills, John has established a track record of success by leveraging a collaborative leadership style to accomplish all short- and long-range objectives. An engaging and articulate communicator, he is able to clearly convey complex technical information and propose novel solutions to build consensus with key project stakeholders, including high-value clients and executive leadership. Furthermore, his consistent focus on remaining at the forefront of rapidly evolving technology allows him to drive enterprise-wide innovation and maintain a competitive advantage.JOhn is on the Board of Minority Empowerment Through Technology which provides underserved college STEM students to get the technology they need to be successful in their courware and projects.John Holds a Master of Science in Knowledge Management from Kent State university and a Master of Certified Knowledge Management from the KMInstitute.

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