A special class of complex systems is made up of adaptive agents.
The patterns underlying seeming chaos within complex systems are explained.
The overall shape of the system and its future possibilities are described using the idea…
The behaviours of complex systems are sensitive to their initial conditions.
In complex systems, clear causal relations cannot be traced because of multiple influences.
Emergent properties result from the interactions of the elements, but these are not properties of…
Both positive and negative feedback processes take place, acting to dampen or amplify change.
The phenomena that arise in systems of interconnected and interdependent elements and multiple dimensions.
Introducing the 10 key concepts of complexity science.
The applications of complexity outside the physical sciences are the subject of debate. As with…